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Others

: The Evolution of Human Sociality

Kaori Kawai ed

B5変上製・520頁

ISBN: 9784814002153

発行年月: 2019/02

記述言語: 英語

  • 本体: 5,500円(税別)
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内容

Others is the third work produced by a collaborative research project involving primatologists and anthropologists on the evolutionary historical foundations of human sociality, after the publication of groundbreaking volumes titled Groups and Institutions. This book presents cutting edge research into the meaning of “the other” and the dynamic process of “othering”. Each of the eighteen chapters examines various aspects of “others” via the researchers’ specialties, with subject matter ranging from the disappearance of the alpha male in a chimpanzees group to the way the other is produced amongst Canadian Inuit through their relationship with wild animals. What is generated is a unique collection of essays that is both grounded in empirical evidence and strengthened by its intricate engagement with the depth and breadth of theoretical work on the topic of “the other”, as it furthers our understanding of the nature of human sociality.

プロフィール

Kaori Kawai (Introduction, Chapter 9)
Professor, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

Suehisa Kuroda (Chapter 1)
Emeritus Professor, the University of Shiga Prefecture

Michio Nakamura (Chapter 2)
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University

Toru Soga (Chapter 3)
Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hirosaki University

Kōji Kitamura (Chapter 4)
Emeritus Professor, Okayama University

Hitoshige Hayaki (Chapter 5)
Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University

Hitonaru Nishie (Chapter 6)
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Noriko Itoh (Chapter 7)
Researcher, Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University

Shunkichi Hanamura (Chapter 8)
Researcher, the Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University

Keiichi Omura (Chapter 10)
Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts, the Open University of Japan

Yuko Sugiyama (Chapter 11)
Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hirosaki University

Ryōko Nishii (Chapter 12)
Professor, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

Masakazu Tanaka (Chapter 13)
Professor, Institute for Research in the Humanities, Kyoto University

Motomitsu Uchibori (Chapter 14)
Professor Emeritus, Hitotsubashi University and the Open University of Japan

Gen Yamakoshi (Chapter 15)
Associate Professor, the Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto

Kaoru Adachi (Chapter 16)
Associate Professor, Faculty of Sociology, Kyoto Sangyo University

Yūji Takenoshita (Chapter 17)
Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Chubu Gakuin University

Ikuya Takara (Chapter 18)
Professor, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

Takeo Funabiki (Epilogue)
Emeritus Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the University of Tokyo

目次

Figures
Photographs
Tables
Acknowledgements
Contributors

Introduction--Finding "Others" from an Evolutionary Perspective: The Search for the Evolutionary Historical Foundations of Human Sociality
Kaori Kawai

Part I: Aspects of Others: Emergence, Formation and Transformation

1 Approving Others and Incomprehensible Others in Primate Society
Suehisa Kuroda
2 Are Animals "Others" or Are There "Others" to Animals?
Michio Nakamura
3 When Others Appear
Toru Soga
4 "The Other Who Can Refuse": A Precondition for Transition to Human Society
Kōji Kitamura
5 Empathy and Social Evolution: The Human History of Understanding Others
Hitoshige Hayaki

Part II: Others and Other Groups: How to Interact with the Counterpart

6 Who Is the Alpha Male? The Appearance of the "Other" in Chimpanzee Society
Hitonaru Nishie
7 Encountering the "Other": How Chimpanzees Face Indeterminacy
Noriko Itoh
8 When Pricking Up One's Ears for the Voices of Strangers: Others in Chimpanzee Society
Shunkichi Hanamura
9 The Origins of "Consideration for One's Enemy": What Kind of Others Are Neighboring Groups to the Dodoth?
Kaori Kawai

Part III: The Representation and Ontology of Others in Humankind

10 The Ontology of the Other: The Evolutionary Basis of Human Sociality and Ethics in the Formation and Continuation of Inuit Society
Keiichi Omura
11 Ancestral Spirits, Witchcraft and Phases of the Other in Everyday Life: The Case of the Bemba People of Zambia
Yuko Sugiyama
12 The "Face" and the Other: Muslim Women Behind the Veil
Ryoko Nishii
13 Morality and Instrumentality: A Practical Approach to Theorizing the Other
Masakazu Tanaka

Part IV: The Expanding Horizons of the Theory of Others

14 The Spirit as the Other: From the Iban Ethnography
Motomitsu Uchibori
15 A History of the Distance Between Humans and Wildlife
Gen Yamakoshi
16 Toward the Environmental Others: An Ethological Essay on Equilibrium and Coexistence
Kaoru Adachi
17 Society as a "Story": Work Sharing, Cooperative Breeding and the Evolution of Otherness
Yūji Takenoshita
18 The Turing Test in the Wild: When Non Human "Things" Become Others
Ikuya Tokoro

Epilogue--Future Agenda, Others as an Affliction: Tripartite Relationships and the Tetrahedral Model
Takeo Funabiki

Notes
Bibliography
Index
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