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With Practical Materials for Fun and Innovative Science Classes

Kiyonobu ITAKURA / Haruhiko FUNAHASHI et al eds

225 x 157mm, hard, 278 pages

ISBN: 9784814002108

pub. date: 01/19

Written Language: English

  • Price : JPY 3,600 (with tax: JPY 3,960)
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‘Dr. Kiyonobu ITAKURA has inspired researchers and teachers around the world to reconceptualize the use of experimentation in classrooms and instruction. Observing what is known as the Itakura method in action in a Japanese classroom, I saw how it places students at the forefront of the lesson, empowering them to explain their ideas to each other, argue—sometimes vehemently—and reach new insights. May we all honor Dr. Itakura by continuing to refine and extend this method.’
Marcia C. Linn, PhD, Professor, Graduate School of Education,
University of California at Berkeley

‘The book would be a useful addition to the science teacher’s bookshelf. It provides suggestions for a series of well-researched ‘hands on, minds on’ practical activities. The Hypothesis–Experiment Class described is similar in some aspects to the ‘predict-observe-explain’ approach (White & Gunstone, 1992). There is also a useful description of the research carried out in the development of the activities, together with detailed suggestions of how teachers might carry out the activities.’
Mary Whitehouse, Chair, The Association for Science Education

‘Kiyonobu Itakaura’s first scientific paper, written in 1953 as a graduate student, was exciting to read. He emphasized that geocentric theory persisted for centuries not just because of social reasons but because it was supported by most astronomers. He taught me the vital importance of learning that “truth is not determined by the majority”. This lesson is still pertinent for scientists today as dogmatism continues to play a role in confounding scientific judgement. I hope that HEC will also inspire students to think for themselves.’
Toshimitsu Yamazaki, Dr. of Science, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo, Member of the Japan Academy


Hypothesis–Experiment Class is, in its simplest terms, a class designed so that students can learn ‘basic, universal scientific rules and concepts’ in an enjoyable way. The key to HEC strategy lies in the particular ordering of sequential problems. This approach, which is the guiding principle of this book, goes to the heart of Dr. Itakura’s ideas.


Biography of Dr. Kiyonobu Itakura
About the editorial committee members

A Collection of Articles and Essays by
Kiyonobu Itakura
1 The Process of Establishing Mental Recognition
  in Science
2 What is the Hypothesis–Experiment Class?
  History and Classroom Management
3 Hypothesis–Experiment Class as Democratic Education
4 Memorandum Regarding Hypothesis–Experiment Class

First Appearances and Research History
Further Reading
The Kasetsu Class Album

Appendices: HEC Classbooks (Jugyōsho)
1 Objects and their Weight
2 Force and Motion (1)
3 If You Could See an Atom
4 How Many Legs?