Connectivity of Hills, Humans and Oceans
: Challenge to Improvement of Watershed and Coastal Environments

Natsuki Shimizu et al. eds

A5並製・310頁・税込 4,212円
ISBN: 9784876984831
発行年月: 2014/03





Chapter 1 Aiming for comprehensive sustainability, from forest to sea
1.1 Concept of CoHHO
1.2 Linkage of chapters and sections
1.3 Education of CoHHO to students and citizens

Chapter 2 Forest and Humanity
2.1 Structure and function of forest ecosystems
(1) Biotic components of forest ecosystems
(2) Abiotic environments of forest ecosystems
(3) Interactions between biotic and abiotic components in forest ecosystems
(4) Production and matter cycling of forest ecosystems
2.2 Forest ecosystem services
(1) Ecosystem services
(2) Types of forest ecosystem services
(3) The relationship among ecosystem services
(4) Forest ecosystem services in the context of Hilltop, Human, and Ocean Connectivity
2.3 History and future of forest resource utilization
(1) History of forest utilization in Japan
(2) Formation and problems of existing forests
(3) Summary of the history and problem
2.4 Forest management
(1) Forest ecosystems
(2) The influences of clearcutting on watershed and coastal environments
(3) Forest management influences on streams and other ecosystems
(4) The effects of afforestation on watersheds and coastal environments
(5) Forest management to mitigate effects
2.5 Future directions of forest management for improving watershed and coastal environments
(1) Significance of forest resource utilization in the future society
(2) Learning from Europe
(3) Recent efforts and activity in Japanese forestry
(4) Forest management and connectivity from hilltop to ocean

Chapter 3 Getting along with the sato
3.1 What is the sato?
(1) Definition of the sato
(2) Structure and function of the sato agro-ecosystem
3.2 Ecosystem services and multifunctioning of the sato
(1) Value of nature
(2) Relationship between ecosystem services and environmental values
(3) Multifunctioning and ecosystem services of agricultural land
(4) Economic valuation of agricultural land
3.3 History of interactions between humans and the sato environment
(1) Historical changes in activities in the sato and related effects
(2) Changes in the landscape of the sato
(3) History of the social system of the sato
3.4 Current issues in the sato environment relating to human activities
(1) Problems in the natural environment caused by human activities
(2) Social and environmental problems related to human activities in the sato
3.5 Future partnership between humans and the sato
(1) Identification of the present state of the sato environment
(2) Education aimed at the sustainable management of the sato environment
(3) The connectivity of hills, humans, and oceans in the sato

Chapter 4 Rivers and human life in the watershed
4.1 River Ecosystems
(1) Characteristics of river ecosystems
(2) Biological components of river ecosystems
(3) Ecosystem processes of running waters
(4) Major biological processes and concepts in river ecosystems
(5) Conclusion
4.2 How have the Japanese people interacted with river ecosystems?
(1) Brief history of interactions between Japanese people and rivers
(2) How were lives interrelated with river ecosystems and how do people associate with rivers now?
(3) How do we get along with river ecosystems?
4.3 Disruption and restoration of rivers
(1) Water and sand flow
(2) Disruption structure
(3) Effects of disruptive infrastructure
(4) Environmental economics and policy decisions: Cost and benefit analysis
(5) Restoration
(6) Dam removal

Chapter 5 Anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems
5.1 Coastal ecosystems
(1) Marine ecosystems
(2) Ecosystems in coastal waters
5.2 Ecosystem services from coastal areas
(1) What is an ecosystem service?
(2) Ecosystem services in coastal waters
(3) Usage of coastal areas
5.3 Relationship between coastal areas and humans: Toward sustainable mariculture
(1) Present status of mariculture production in Japan
(2) History of mariculture in Japan
(3) Flux of loaded organic matter
(4) Impacts of mariculture on the environment
(5) Approaches for environmental improvement
5.4 Present situation and issues regarding the connectivity between terrestrial and coastal ecosystems
(1) Decreasing fishery catches and CoHHO
(2) Water and nutrients
(3) Sediments
(4) Organic matter
(5) Toxic substances
(6) Future subjects
5.5 Predicting and promoting the future state of coastal seas with special emphasis on Satoumi
(1) Brief introduction to Satoumi
(2) Satoumi in Japan: Past and present
(3) Assessment of Satoyama and Satoumi from a global perspective
(4) Satoumi in other countries
(5) Combination of Satoyama and Satoumi
(6) The way forward

Chapter 6 Forest and Humanity
6.1 Externality and connectivity among natural and economic capitals from a sustainability perspective
(1) Introduction
(2) Externality of natural capital in a separate space
(3) Sustainable development with natural capital based on connectivity
(4) CoHHO and sustainable development
6.2 Will CoHHO Studies Herald a New Age?: Issues and Expectations
(1) Introduction
(2) Ten years on: Studies on the Connectivity of Hills, Humans, and Oceans
(3) CoHHO studies and Mori wa Umi no Koibito
(4) Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake
(5) CoHHO studies: Developing an age of connectivity
(6) The establishment and development of the Kesennuma-Moune Investigation
(7) The touchstone of CoHHO studies: Wetland and tidal flats revitalized by the earthquake and tsunami
(8) The touchstone of CoHHO studies: The behavior of radioactive materials dispersed in the forest
(9) The pre-tsunami giant-seawall plan
(10) CoHHO studies: Entrusting the future of the limitless CoHHO Institute
(11) Conclusion